How many migrants are there in the UK? This briefing focuses on the population of migrants living in the UK. Keep up with the debate: If you would like us to keep you informed about the immigration debate, please subscribe here to receive regular updates. The smallest percentage (5%) of young people are born in India, and the largest percentage (15%) originate from EU-2 and EU-8 countries. Further analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on migration to and from the UK can be found at our COVID-19 and Migration in the UK project page. However, citizenship applications of EU citizens increased after the 2016 referendum. Nevertheless, Poland is still the top country of citizenship of foreign citizens, accounting for 15% of non-UK citizens living in the UK. This article presents European Union (EU) statistics on international migration (flows), number of national and non-national citizens in population ("stocks") and data relating to the acquisition of citizenship. However, there have been important changes in the composition of immigration to the UK in recent years. As a result, as the ONS states ‘the population totals are not directly comparable with mid-year population estimates, which refer to the entire UK population’. As of 2019, the number of international migrants worldwide stood at almost 272 million (or 3.5 percent of the world’s population), according to UN Population Division estimates. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1606062844920'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='617px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); Compared to the UK-born population, migrants are more likely to be adults aged 26-64 and less likely to be children or people of retirement age (65+) (Figure 3). With thanks to Luka Klimavičiūtė for assistance on this briefing, Dr Carlos Vargas-Silva Find Out Compared to the UK born, migrants are more likely to be aged 26 to 64, and less likely to be children or people of retirement age. Other regions accounting for significant shares were Europe and Canada (13.5 percent), the Caribbean (9.6 percent), Central America (7.9 percent), South America (6.7 percent), the Middle East (4 percent) and sub-Saharan Africa (3.9 percent). More information about work visas and work migration is available in the briefing, Work visas and migrant workers in the UK. Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018 A total of 3.9 million peopleimmigratedto one of theEU-27Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million Migrants are much more likely to live in some parts of the UK than others. Data from the Home Office, Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) are also included. London has the largest number of migrants among all regions of the UK, 3,317,000 – or 35% of the UK’s total foreign-born population. Thank you. Where do migrants live? In comparison, the UK-born population is more evenly distributed. ... said the vote to leave the EU was a chance to fix the UK's "broken" immigration … Main points. Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality: year ending June 2020 Latest population estimates for the UK by country of birth and nationality, covering the period up to the year ending June 2020. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. A model was used to estimate migrants for countries that had no data. In 2019, about half of the UK’s foreign-born population (48% in total) were either in London (35% – 3,317,000) or the South East (13% – 1,215,000). Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. 58 Banbury Road, Poland overtakes India as country of origin, UK migration statistics show. The national origins of new arrivals to the United States are shifting, in ways not always fully appreciated. Read more Number of people who immigrated to Sweden in 2019, by country of birth The share of migrants in this age range varies by place of birth, with the highest percentage being for those born in the EU-8, Africa, Pakistan, and EU-2. Work was a particularly important reason for migration for migrants from new EU member states, with 59% of EU-8 migrants and 62% of EU-2 migrants giving this reason. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1606063029086'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='557px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); For more information about family migration, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Family migration to the UK. Poles still represented the biggest non-British nationality (900,000). Learn more about us. Net migration started to increase again from 2013 onwards. In total, this is up by 63,000 compared to 2018. U.S. immigration statistics for 2010 was 44,183,643.00, a 12.55% increase from 2005. For more about the children of migrants read the Migration Observatory briefing: Children of migrants in the UK. For more information about citizenship and naturalisation of UK migrants, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Naturalisation as a British Citizen. Of these, 31.4 million (6.3%) were born outside the EU and 16.0 million (3.2%) were born in another EU member state. Second, it does not provide information on asylum seekers. The ONS have produced a user guide that covers frequently asked questions relating to the Annual Population Survey (see here). Number of people entering immigration detention per year, 2009–2018. Click, If you are interested in finding out the migrant population born in a particular country then click. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1606062947523'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); In 2019, India, Poland and Pakistan were the top three countries of birth for the foreign-born, accounting respectively for 9%, 9% and 6% of the total (Figure 5). Population by Country of Birth and Nationality Report: August 2015 This report outlines the latest population estimates for the UK by country of birth and nationality, covering the period from 2004 up to the latest data for the year ending December 2014. In 2018, an estimated 527,000 foreign citizens arrived in the UK with the intention of staying for at least one year. As of 2015, South or East Asia was the single largest source region (26.9 percent) followed by Mexico (26.8 percent). University of Oxford, Source: Migration Policy Institute Source: Migration Policy Institute Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security This increase took place at a time when the UK economy was starting to recover from the economic crisis while some of the key origin countries of migrants to the UK (particularly in southern Europe) were … More information about EU migration is available in the Migration Observatory briefing, EU Migration to and From the UK. History 1905 Aliens Act and the Immigration Boards. In 2019, 38% of migrants were born in the EU. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. 2. What countries do migrants to the UK come from? For more information about the geographical distribution of the UK’s migrant population, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Where do migrants live in the UK? Some people are excluded, such as residents of communal establishments like hostels, and other groups may be under-counted due to survey non-response. Country of birth refers to the country that a person was born in and cannot change. EU-8 refers specifically to migrants from Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Estonia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia while EU-2 refers to migrants from Romania and Bulgaria. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… All rights reserved. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1606062988763'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='570px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); In 2019, the most common reason that non-EU migrants gave for having originally moved to the UK was family (49% of non-EU born), followed by work (21%). Of these, 3.6 million were from countries now in the European Union and 5.9 million were from non-EU countries. The Migration Observatory informs debates on international migration and public policy. Only 1% of people born in Romania or Bulgaria were aged 65+ compared to 17% of those born in the EU-14. Using data from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this map shows countries of origin and destination for the overall UNHCR populations of concern, as well as three main subpopulations: Refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced persons. It includes a question on respondents’ country of birth. One estimate of the stock is the number of people living in the UK who were born in another country. For more information on Polish and EU migration, please see the Migration Observatory briefing, EU Migration to and From the UK. There are also some limitations in the APS variable on nationality, which currently does not collect full information on dual citizens. Top countries of origin of potential U.S. immigrants 2009-2011 Number of illegally residing third country nationals Netherlands 2008-2011, by age Largest migration flows - countries In 2019, people born outside the UK made up an estimated 14% of the UK’s population, or 9.5 million people. We use cookies to help us improve the website. U.S. immigration statistics for 2005 was 39,258,293.00, a 12.77% increase from 2000. Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the U.S. history. Non-EU citizens accounted for an estimat… The number of immigrants entering the United Kingdom has been steadily increasing, with approximately 440 thousand more people coming to the UK every year in 2019 than in 1980. For more information about migration to and from the UK, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Net migration to the UK. The APS has some limitations for estimating migrants in the UK. Where direct comparisons are made to the IPS data, Home Office visa data are for main applicants only and for long-term visas (one year or more). About half of non-EU migrants said they came to the UK for family reasons in 2019, while the most common reason for migration among EU migrants was work. The largest absolute numbers of people born outside the EU were in Germany (6.4 million), France (5.1 million), the United Kingdom (4.7 million), Spain (4.1 million), Italy (3.2 million), and the Netherlands (1.4 million). Refugee population by country or territory of origin from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Total immigration was relatively stable between 2004 and 2018, with around 500,000 to 600,000 non-UK citizens moving to the UK in most years. Information about international students can be found in the briefing, International student migration to the UK. Figure 1 - Change in non-UK born population of the UK, 2004 to 2019: The Annual Population Survey has been produced since 2004. How many people come to the UK each year? The findings show that in one sense, today’s immigration is more diverse than ever because people now arrive from every corner of the world. Back to ‘Immigration Statistics, year ending December 2018’ content page.. 1. Click here to browse the ONS statistics for yourself. In 2019, India was – once again – the most common country of birth for migrants (863,000) in the UK after a number of Polish-born people left the UK, and the Indian born population grew slightly. For detailed local-authority level data on migration, see the Migration Observatory’s Local Data Guide. Dr Cinzia Rienzo. During the same period, the share of foreign citizens rose from 5% to 9%. Respondents’ answer to the question ‘What is your nationality’ will not necessarily always reflect their legal citizenship, and will depend on how individuals understand the meaning of this term. Third, the APS excludes those who do not live in households, such as those in hotels, caravan parks and other communal establishments. Of these, 3.6 million were from countries now in the European Union and 5.9 million were from non-EU countries. First, it does not measure the scale of irregular migration. Long-term international net migration, immigration and emigration figures have remained broadly stable since the end of 2016. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimate that in 2019, nearly 9.5 million people living in the UK were born abroad, just over 14% of the total population of the UK. Over time, the foreign-born share of the population typically rises more than the non-citizen share, because many migrants become UK citizens over time. Figure 2 - For example, see below the population that is resident in the UK who were Polish Born: Select a maximum of 3 countries or world regions to see how that population has changed in the UK since 2004: The foreign born population is affected by both international migration and deaths of existing migrants. E: migrationobservatory@compas.ox.ac.uk, T: +44 (0)7500 970 081 In 2019, only 10% of the UK-born population lived in London (Figure 4). Poland dropped from the first place in 2018 after roughly 100,000 Poles left the UK over the previous two years. The remaining top five countries of origin were India, Afghanistan, Syria and Iraq. By contrast, EU migrants were more likely to have moved for work (48%). EU migrants have traditionally been less likely to naturalise as British citizens than people from non-EU countries. Traditionally, most immigration to the UK has been from outside of the EU, and this remains the case today. In 2019, 70% of the foreign born were aged 26-64, compared to 48% of the UK born. E: robert.mcneil@compas.ox.ac.uk. Pages in category "Immigration to the United Kingdom by country of origin" The following 88 pages are in this category, out of 88 total. As the data in this briefing do not cover 2020, they do not yet show the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK’s migrant population. This incredibly handy map shows the immigrant and emigrant populations by country of origin and destination. Its response rate has declined over time, and is now below 50% (ONS, 2016); this means that people who are more likely not to respond to the survey may be under-counted. Oxford, OX2 6QS. 10 Key Points on Mass immigration and Population Growth, The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimate that in 2019, nearly 9.5 million people living in the UK were born abroad, just over 14% of the total population of the UK. Northern Ireland, Wales and the North East have a low share of the UK’s total foreign-born population, at 1–2% each. Using newly released data from the 2000 Census, this report examines the changing distribution of the nation’s immigrant population by country of origin at the state level. Most of the data in this briefing are taken from the Office for National Statistics’ Annual Population Survey (APS). var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1606062905931'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='627px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='647px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); Although the numbers of both female and male migrants have increased over time, women constitute a small majority of the UK’s migrant population. Underestimate the UK been important changes in the briefing, work visas and migrant workers in the UK than.. 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