French forces overran most of Hanover forcing the Hanoverian Army of Observation, intended to defend the Electorate, to Stade on the … The Electorate of Hanover (or, more formally, the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; _de. Under George III the electorate acquired the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück (1803). Auguste Himly, Unclassified articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel), War of the First Coalition against France, War of the Second Coalition against France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, War of the Third Coalition against France, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Electorate_of_Brunswick-Lüneburg?oldid=4516718, Grandson of preceding. George I became the first Hanoverian monarch of Great … Since 1714 Britain and the Electorate of Hanover had shared a single monarch. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Introduction The Army of the Electorate of Hanover, 1792-1803 Organisation Uniforms to 1803 Tactics The King's German Legion The New Army 1813-16 The Plates. In 1806, George III of Great Britain even declared war on Prussia after King Frederic William III, under heavy pressure from Napoleon, had annexed George III's German possessions. The possessions of the electors in Germany also grew, as they de facto purchased the formerly Swedish-held duchies of Bremen and Verden in 1719. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for State of the Demands of the Inhabitants of the Electorate of Hanover, upon the Crown of Great Britain, for Deliveries of Provisions, Forage, Made, and Transport-Service Performed, by Them to the British Combined Army, in the Years by Multiple Contributors (2018, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay! The Invasion of Hanover took place in 1757 during the Seven Years' War when a French army under Louis Charles César Le Tellier, duc d'Estrées advanced into the Electorate of Hanover and neighbouring German states following the Battle of Hastenbeck. North American P-51 Mustang; Lockheed C-130 Hercules; Lockheed P-38 Lightning; British Army; Deutsches Heer; M1 Abrams; United States Army; Living people. However, men were drafted in order to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. [4] In return, Hanover recognized the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 which changed Habsburg inheritance law. Brandenburg-Prussia, however, ended for its part the war with France by the Treaty of Basel (1795), stipulating Brandenburg-Prussia would ensure the Holy Roman Empire's neutrality in all the latter's territories north the demarcation line of the river Main, including the British continental dominions of Hanover, Bremen-Verden, and Saxe-Lauenburg. Soon afterwards the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. The British first ignored Brandenburg-Prussia's hostility, but when the latter joined the pro-French coalition of armed neutral powers including Denmark-Norway and Russia, Britain began to capture Brandenburg-Prussian ships. However, the government of George III did not recognise the French annexation, being at war continuously with France through the entire period, and Hanoverian ministers continued to operate out of London. The House of Hanover, whose members are known as Hanoverians is a German royal house that ruled Hanover, Great Britain, and Ireland at various times during the 17th to 20th centuries. State of the demands of the inhabitants of the electorate of Hanover, upon the crown of Great Britain, for deliveries of provisions, forage, made, ... to the British combined army, in the years [Multiple Contributors, See Notes] on Amazon.com. The arrival of overwhelming reinforcements from Prussia compelled Hanover to capitulate two days later. Hanover (district) British family that ruled from 1714 to 1901, more commonly known as the Georgian, Regency and Victorian periods. Since 1714 Britain and the Electorate of Hanover had shared a single monarch. The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of mostly expatriate German personnel during the period 1803–16. The Privy Council of Hanover, with minister Friedrich Franz Dieterich von Bremer holding up the Hanoverian stake,[clarification needed] fled to Saxe-Lauenburg across the Elbe, ruled by Britain-Hanover in personal union. In 1816 the Legion was dissolved and some officers and men were integrated into the new Hanoverian army. In 1714, George Louis became king of Great Britain, so that the electorate and Great Britain were ruled in personal union. "More on Hanoverian Regiments in India: using online newspapers to further research" by Hilary Sheridan FIBIS Journal Number 31 (Spring 2014), page 49-55. Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Desc: The Electorate of Hanover was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. But before the confirmation of the electorate by the Imperial Diet in 1708 the Calenberg line further inherited the principality of Celle in 1705. After 1705, only two of these territories left: One was the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, which remained independent as the Duchy of Brunswick (new title adopted in 1815) until 1918. Retrouvez State of the Demands of the Inhabitants of the Electorate of Hanover, Upon the Crown of Great Britain, for Deliveries of Provisions, Forage, Made, and ... to the British Combined Army, in the Years et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. In early 1810 Hanover proper and Bremen-Verden, but not Saxe-Lauenburg, were also annexed by Westphalia. The allies were defeated by the French army near Hamelin in the Electorate of Hanover. Many former Hanoverian officers and soldiers fled the French occupation of Hanover to Britain; George III, the deposed Elector of Hanover, was … The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of mostly expatriate German personnel during the period 1803–16. It was called the Department of Bremen-Verden, Hadeln, Lauenburg and Bentheim. After the Battle of Copenhagen (1801) the coalition fell apart and Brandenburg-Prussia withdrew its troops. He was born in Hamelin in the Electorate of Hanover and died in Silesia. Register Military. In 1814, it was transformed into the Kingdom of Hanover, with the personal union with the British crown lasting until 1837. The Third Silesian War (German: Dritter Schlesischer Krieg) was a war between Prussia and Austria (together with its allies) that lasted from 1756 to 1763 and confirmed Prussia's control of the region of Silesia (now in south-western Poland). The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), colloquially Electorate of Hanover (German: Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply German: Kurhannover), was established in 1692 as the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire and formally approved in 1708.. Hello from the Electorate of Hanover Hello from the Electorate of Hanover. Close Up. It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1731 Hanover also gained Hadeln. Only Genuine Products. Thus George II Augustus formed an alliance with his Brandenburg-Prussian cousin Frederick II, the Great combining the North American conflict with the Brandenburg-Prusso–Austrian Third Silesian or Seven Years’ War (1756–63). In 1700, the territories forming the electorate introduced, like all other Protestant territories of imperial immediacy, the Improved Calendar, as the Gregorian calendar was called by Protestants to avoid mentioning the name of Pope Gregory XIII. Though the Elector's titles were properly Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he is commonly referred to as the Elector of Hanover after his residence. [1] However, internally, it remained a separately ruled territory with its own government and bodies. Soon later the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. Direct contact with the electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. The Electorate of Hanover (formally the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg, colloquially Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia in 1807, it was re-established as the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814, and the personal union with the British crown lasted until 1837.[3]. After Britain – this time without any ally – had declared war on France (18 May 1803), French troops invaded Hanover on 26 May. Add new page. The Legion was formed within months of the dissolution of the Electorate of Hanover in 1. The other, the new Electorate, was based on the dynastic line of the Calenberg. At both feoffments George II Augustus swore that he would respect the existing privileges and constitutions of the estates in Bremen-Verden and in Hadeln, thus confirming 400-year-old traditions of estate participation in government. Calenberg's capital, Hanover, became colloquially eponymous for the electorate, but it officially used the name Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburg of the entire ducal dynasty. The Battle of Hastenbeck (26 July 1757) was fought as part of the Invasion of Hanover during the Seven Years' War between the allied forces of Hanover, Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Brunswick and the French. 30 Day Replacement Guarantee. After the victory at Waterloo, the Electorate of Hanover was re-founded as the Kingdom of Hanover. Buy State of the Demands of the Inhabitants of the Electorate of Hanover, Upon the Crown of Great Britain, for Deliveries of Provisions, Forage, Made, and ... to the British Combined Army, in the Years by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Though the Elector's titles were properly Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he is commonly ref… Following the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807 the new Kingdom of Westphalia was founded, ruled by Napoléon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte, then including territories of the former Electorate of Hesse-Cassel, the ducal Brunswick-Lüneburgian principality Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and formerly Prussian territories. The Legion achieved the distinction of being the only German force to fight without interruption against the French during the Napoleonic Wars. State of the demands of the inhabitants of the electorate of Hanover, upon the crown of Great Britain It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg). Pages with broken file links . Kurfürstentum Hannover, Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg ) became the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire in 1692, when the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I , elevated Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance . History of Hanover (region): | |Hanover| (German: ||Hannover||) is a territory that was at various times a principality ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The Battle of Hastenbeck (26 July 1757) was fought as part of the Invasion of Hanover during the Seven Years' War between the allied forces of Hanover, Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Brunswick, and the French.The allies were defeated by the French army near Hamelin in the Electorate of Hanover. In the following year the British army, supported by troops from Brandenburg-Prussia, Hesse-Kassel and the ducal Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel) again expelled the occupants. It was called the Department of Bremen-Verden, Hadeln, Lauenburg and Bentheim. You may also be interested in the following product(s) The Thirty Years' War 1618–1648 ESS 29 Paperback. The Principality of Calenberg, ruled by a cadet branch of the family, emerged as the largest and most powerful of the Brunswick-Lüneburg states. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. Pvt._McNamara. … There were protests against the addition of a new elector, and the elevation did not become official until the approval of the Imperial Diet in 1708. In 1692, Emperor Leopold I elevated Duke Ernest Augustus of the Brunswick-Lüneburg line of Calenberg, to the rank of prince-elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. The Electorate of Hanover (German: Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply German: Kurhannover) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover.It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg).For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in … During the Napoléonic Wars, the Electorate of Hanover had been temporaly occupied by Prussians and French. The Electorate of Hanover ... Langensalza is of particular interest since it is one of the very few battles where an army equipped with muzzle-loaded rifles won over the Prussian army equipped with breech-loaded Dreyse rifles. The Hanoverian army was dissolved, but many of the officers and soldiers went to England, where they formed the King's German Legion. In summer 1757 the French invaded Hanover and defeated George II's son Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, leading the Anglo-Hanoverian army, at the Battle of Hastenbeck and drove him and his army into remote Bremen-Verden, where in the former Zeven Convent [de] he capitulated on 18 September (Convention of Kloster-Zeven). Calenberg's capital Hanover became colloquially eponymous for the electorate; however, officially it used the name of the entire ducal dynasty. Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg Electorate of Hanover * Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg * * Kurfürstentum Hannover * 1692–1814: Flag. The Legion was the only German army to fight continually all through the Napoleonic wars against the French. Most visited articles Project maintenance. The House of Hanover (German: Haus Hannover), whose members are known as Hanoverians is a German royal house that ruled Hanover, Great Britain, and Ireland at various times during the 17th to 20th centuries.The house originated in 1635 as a cadet branch of the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg, growing in prestige until Hanover became an Electorate in 1692. The Privy Council of Hanover, with minister Friedrich Franz Dieterich von Bremer holding up the Hanoverian stake, fled to the trans-Elbian Saxe … century, whenever war was declared between Great Britain and France, the French army invaded or threatened to invade Hanover, forcing Great Britain to intervene diplomatically and militarily to defend the Electorate. Free Shipping. Symbolic of their close relationship, the Hanoverian Army wore uniforms and used equipment largely similar to those used by the British Army. In 1728 Emperor Charles VI officially enfeoffed George II Augustus, who in 1727 had succeeded his father George Louis, with the reverted fief of Saxe-Lauenburg, which had de facto been ruled in personal union with Hanover and its one preceding Principality of Lüneburg since 1689. The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg ), colloquially Electorate of Hanover ( Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover ), was established in 1692 as the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire. The Electorate was legally indivisible: it could add to its territory, but not alienate territory or be split up among several heirs – as used to be the rule before, having led at times to a multitude of Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities. Became King of the United Kingdom (by way of the act of union with Ireland) in 1801. In early June 1757, the French army began to advance towards Hanover once it became clear that there was to be no negotiated agreement. The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), colloquially Electorate of Hanover (Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover), was established in 1692 as the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire.. However, the government of George III did not recognise the French annexation, being at war continuously with France through the entire period, and Hanoverian ministers continued to operate out of London. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor elevated the Prince of Calenberg to the College of Electors, creating the new Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The Electorate of Hanover (German: Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover.It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg).For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in … French forces overran most of Hanover forcing the Army of Observation, intended to defend the Electorate, to Stade on the North Sea coast. The army advanced towards the Electorate of Hanover. The electorate comprised large parts of the modern German state of Lower Saxony in Northern Germany. Noté /5. Hanover, German Hannover, former state of northwestern Germany, first an electorate (1692–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire, then a kingdom (1814–66), and finally a Prussian province (1866–1945). George I Augustus gained the Land of Hadeln (1731), in the map the bulk of the beige tip at the Elbe estuary. After the Battle of Copenhagen (1801) the coalition fell apart and Brandenburg-Prussia withdrew its troops. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg had been split in 1269 between different branches of the House of Welf. What you can find in the records. The allies were defeated by the French army near Hamelin in the Electorate of Hanover. In 1692, at the upgrading to the rank of electorate, its territory comprised the Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities of Calenberg and Grubenhagen, which the line of the former had already inherited in 1665. The fortunes of the Electorate were tied to those of Great Britain by the Act of Settlement 1701 and Act of Union 1707, which settled the succession to the British throne on Queen Anne's nearest Protestant relative, the Electress Sophia of Hanover, and her descendants. Walcheren Campaign, the Peninsular War, and the Hundred Days (1. Illustration of arms, dimensional, fluttering - 87964086 Then George I Louis had already succeeded his late father and furthermore had inherited the Principality of Lüneburg, whose dynastic line was extinct, in 1705. Since this was against the Salic law, then valid for the ducal family, the change needed imperial confirmation, which Emperor Leopold I granted in 1692. Further included were the earlier acquired counties of Diepholz and Hoya. The army advanced towards the Electorate of Hanover. At the Convention of Klosterzeventhe Duke of Cumberlandagreed to disband his army and acknowledge the French occupation of the Electorate. The possessions of the electors grew in Germany as well, as they de facto purchased the formerly Swedish-held duchies of Bremen and Verden in 1719. In 1795 the Holy Roman Empire declared its neutrality, comprising Hanover; however, a peace treaty with France was under negotiation until it failed in 1799. On 6 August 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, thereby doing away with the function of prince-electors electing its emperors. Hanover remained unaffected for the rest of the war. If you have a special interest in uniforms of the Electorate of Hanover during the 18th century (times of the Seven Years War), you should try to get the first book mentioned in literature list below. French forces overran most of Hanover forcing the Hanoverian Army of Observation, intended to defend the Electorate, to Stade on the North Sea coast. In Hanover, the capital of the Electorate, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the Electors in personal union. Sketch map of the Electorate, ca. Fast and free shipping free … You may also be interested in the following product(s) The Thirty Years' War 1618–1648 ESS 29 Paperback. But George II Augustus denied his recognition of the convention. Following the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807 the new Kingdom of Westphalia was founded, ruled by Napoléon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte, then including territories of the former Electorate of Hesse-Cassel, the ducal Brunswick-Lüneburgian principality Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and formerly Prussian territories. More info. The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of expatriate German personnel, 1803–16. In an attempt to assert the Continental System, the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (as far as Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. Thus the title of Elector of Brandenburg became meaningless for the Kingdom of Prussia. After World War II the state was administratively abolished; its former territory formed about 80 percent of the Land (state) of Lower Saxony. Parish records primarily contain information about births and baptisms, marriages, and deaths and burials. Direct contact with the Electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. More info. The former electorate became the Kingdom of Hanover, confirmed at the Congress of Vienna in 1814. The Hanoverian army was dissolved, but many of the officers and soldiers went to England, where they formed the King's German Legion. During the 18th. The Electorate of Hanover was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. The Privy Council of Hanover maintained its own separate diplomatic service, which maintained links with countries such as Austria and Prussia, with whom the United Kingdom itself was technically at war. The Privy Council of Hanover, with minister Friedrich Franz Dieterich von Bremer holding up the Hanoverian stake, fled to the trans-Elbian Saxe-Lauenburg, ruled by Britain-Hanover in personal union. During the War of the Second Coalition against France (1799–1802) Napoléon Bonaparte urged Brandenburg-Prussia to occupy the continental British dominions. Composed of troops from the electorate of Hanover and contingents from Hessen-Kassel, Brunswick and Prussia, this force was funded by Britain and led by a Prussian officer, Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick. It took George II Augustus until 1733 to get Charles VI to also enfeoff him with the Duchy of Bremen and the Principality of Verden, colloquially called Duchies of Bremen-Verden. Popular pages. [2] However, Hanover remained a separately ruled territory with its own governmental bodies, and the country had to sign a treaty with Great Britain whenever Hanoverian troops fought on the British side of a war. Compre online State of the Demands of the Inhabitants of the Electorate of Hanover, Upon the Crown of Great Britain, for Deliveries of Provisions, Forage, Made, and ... to the British Combined Army, in the Years, de Multiple Contributors, See Notes na Amazon. The Electorate of Hanover Army, 1705-1803 Troops in Bishopric of Hildesheim and the Areas of Prussia Ceded in 1815 to Hanover, 1521-1815 Hanoverians in Foreign Service, 1803-1816 The Army of the Kingdom of Hanover 1813–1866 The Hanover Units in the X Prussian Army Corps Troops From Various Territories, 1567–1848 Annotated Bibliography Index of Places, People, and Troops. Labels: Front Rank, Hanover, his Britannic Mjs Army… The Legion was the only German army to fight continually during the whole Napoléonic wars against the French. 1720, and its neighbouring territories, among others the ducal Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel). I did a little greenstuff work on the queue and the sidebobs... Posted by kendo at 14:49. In 1728 Emperor Charles VI officially enfeoffed George II (i.e. The Legion was disbanded in 1. After the SYW, the colour patterns of the uniforms were changed as well as the structure of regiments. As part of the German Mediatisation of 25 February 1803, the Electorate received the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück in real union, whose every second ruler had been alternately members of the House of Hanover since 1662. Although The Legion never fought autonomously and remained a part of the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars (1. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In autumn 1805, at the beginning of the War of the Third Coalition against France (1805–6), the French occupational troops left Hanover in a campaign against Austria. The Legion achieved the distinction of being the only German force to fight without interruption against the French during the Napoleonic Wars. In autumn 1805, at the beginning of the War of the Third Coalition against France (1805), the French occupying troops left Hanover in a campaign against Austria. With the ascension of its prince-elector as King of Great Britain in 1714, it became ruled in personal union with Great Britain. Beside the Principality of Calenberg it also included the former princely lands of Göttingen and Grubenhagen as well as the territory of the former County of Hoya. After the war ended, peace prevailed until the French Revolutionary Wars started. The War of the First Coalition against France (1792–1797) with Great Britain-Hanover and other war allies forming the coalition, did not affect Hanoverian territory, since the first French Republic was fighting on several fronts, even on its own territory. Hanover remained unaffected for the rest of the war and after its end peace prevailed until the French Revolutionary Wars started. 281,275 Pages. To this end Hanover also had to provide troops for the so-called demarcation army maintaining the armed neutrality.[5]. The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of mostly expatriate German personnel during the period 1803–16. Since this was against the Salic law, then valid for the ducal family, the change needed imperial confirmation, which Emperor Leopold I granted in 1692. During the Anglo-French and Indian War (1754–1763) in the North American colonies, Britain feared a French invasion in Hanover. In 1801 24,000 Brandenburg-Prussian soldiers invaded, surprising Hanover, which surrendered without a fight. Napoleon's German Allies (3) However, men were drafted to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. Although the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806, George III's government did not consider the dissolution to be final, and he continued to be styled "Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, Arch-treasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire" down to 1814. In an attempt to assert the Continental System the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (up till Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. Kingdom of Hanover Established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era. Hanover is a territory that was at various times a principality within the Holy Roman Empire, an Electorate within the same, an independent Kingdom, and a subordinate Province within the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1692, at its upgrading to the rank of electorate, its territory comprised the Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities of Calenberg and Grubenhagen, which the line of the former[clarification needed] had already inherited in 1665. In 1700 the territories forming the electorate introduced – like all Protestant territories of imperial immediacy – the Improved Calendar, as it was called by Protestants, in order not to mention the name of Pope Gregory XIII. However, the electors spent most of their time in England. In 1806, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel), War of the First Coalition against France, War of the Second Coalition against France, War of the Third Coalition against France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Electorate_of_Hanover&oldid=991133083, 1692 establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2015, Lower Saxony articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 12:48. The uniforms were changed as well as the Electorate same head of state George. 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