[10] With France no longer a threat to the Crown's North American interests, the Spanish monarchy commissioned the Marquis de Rubi to inspect all of the presidios on the northern frontier of New Spain and make recommendations for the future. The racial makeup of the city was 75.44% White, 6.08% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 14.99% from other races, and 2.53% from two or more races. A group dedicated to the study of Goliad County, Texas History. Website. In the city, the population was distributed as 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. [11] Rubi recommended that several presidios be closed, but that La Bahia be kept and rebuilt in stone. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, then President of Mexico, ordered that all survivors were to be executed. It quickly became one of the three most important areas in Texas, alongside Béxar and Nacogdoches. The Goliad County Genealogy Search (Texas) links below open in a new window and take you to third party websites that provide access to Goliad … Find out more about how this website uses cookies to enhance your browsing experience. [14] In November the invaders captured Presidio La Bahia. The United States and Spain had signed the Adams–Onís Treaty in 1819, which ceded all US territorial claims on the Texas area to Spain. [13], In early August 1812, during the Mexican War of Independence, Mexican revolutionary Bernardo Gutiérrez de Lara and his recruits, called the Republican Army of the North, invaded Texas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.28%, are water. Read more about our rich and proud heritage. There were 877 housing units at an average density of 574.7 per square mile (221.3/km2). [Chilton Buildings-Goliad Masonic Lodge Building, (East elevation)] One of 23,518 photographs in the series: Independence Heritage Region available on this site. For more information about the EDC, click the button to the right. [6] Founded on the San Antonio River, it is the county seat of Goliad County. It is tied for the deadliest tornado in Texas history and the 10th-deadliest in the United States. La Bahia was soon "the only Spanish fortress for the entire Gulf Coast from the mouth of the Rio Grande to the Mississippi River". The first cattle ranch in Texas is said to have its beginnings at Mission Espiritu Santo. In fact he was arrested for breaking into a house before moving on. As the ashes of the Alamo continued to smolder, Sam Houston feared another disaster could befall his Texas Army. It had a population of 1,908 at the 2010 census. is available for adoption. Telesforo Alavez to Texas in March 1836. History of Goliad, Texas Goliad is the third oldest municipality and is rich in Texas history. The monument was great, and we were very impressed with the number of volunteers who were working to make it the best it could be for visitors. The median income for a household in the city was $26,200, and for a family was $33,438. The park adorned its historic Mission Espiritu Santo location with figures depicting the key moments in the mission’s history in the month for its “History in Lights” exhibit. Historical Sketch. Goliad is the third oldest municipality and is rich in Texas history. Added to The Portal to Texas History Jan. 13, 2016, 2:26 p.m. Usage Statistics Because of it's attractiveness as a focal point in the regional history of Texas and Mexico, as well as internationally, much has been documented and archived throughout the course of history If you have any genealogical or historical books, manuscripts, papers, etc. On this webpage, we provide the history of Goliad, a mission in south Texas that played a role in the Texas Revolution. The modern town of Goliad began in 1749 when the Spanish moved the Mission Espiritu Santo de Zuniga and its Presidio here from Guadalupe River at Mission Valley. Goliad, TX - Downtown. About 19.7% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.5% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over. Index to Military Rolls of the Republic of Texas 1835-1845. Angel of Goliad Monument Francita Alavez, the "Angel of Goliad," accompanied Capt. Goliad County became one of the twenty-three original counties established by the First Congress of the Republic of Texas in 1836. Decree #73 of the Congress of Coahuila and Texas granted to La Bahia the title of Villa and changed the name to Goliad on February 4, 1829. Start at Presidio La Bahia, a Spanish fort that became the location of the Goliad Massacre when Colonel Fannin and 341 other Texian men were executed within and surrounding the fort’s walls. The 1902 Goliad tornado devastated the town, killing 114 people, including Sheriff Robert Shaw, and injuring at least 225. Events Preceeding the The Goliad Massacre In February of 1836, Mexican General Jose Urrea with some 900 troops, left Matamoros and followed a coastal route into Texas. In 1747, the Spanish government sent José de Escandón to inspect the northern frontier of its North American colonies, including Spanish Texas. This website was developed in partnership with Goliad's Economic Development Corporation. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Goliad has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. "This was our first visit to Goliad State Park and we have really enjoyed seeing all of the historical buildings included in the Mission Espiritu Santo." 3.4K likes. [7] It is part of the Victoria, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Mission Espíritu Santo State Historic Site [20], In 1829, the name of the Mexican Texas village of La Bahía was changed to "Goliad", believed to be an anagram of Hidalgo (omitting the silent initial "H"), in honor of the patriot priest Miguel Hidalgo, the father of the Mexican War of Independence. The existing Goliad County Courthouse, erected in 1894 and later expanded, is on the National Register of Historic Places. For more information about the EDC, click the button to the right. Goliad, Texas, on the Southern Pacific Railroad and the San Antonio River, was established in 1749 as a Spanish colonial municipality called Santa Dorotea. It is known for the 1836 Goliad massacre during the Texas Revolution. The Goliad massacre was an event of the Texas Revolution that occurred on March 27, 1836, following the Battle of Coleto; 425–445 prisoners of war from the Texian Army of the Republic of Texas were killed by the Mexican Army in the town of Goliad, Texas.Among those killed was their commander Colonel James Fannin.The killing was carried out under orders from General and … It had a population of 1,908 at the 2010 census. Goliad County Historical Commission, Goliad, Texas. The population density was 1,294.3 people per square mile (498.4/km2). [12] The presidio was at the crossroads of several major trade and military routes. She serves on both the Main Street Goliad and Goliad Education Foundation boards, and she has worked as an emergency medical technician for the Goliad EMS for 36 years. The Goliad Massacre, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Goliad is the third oldest town in Texas and is the county seat of Goliad County, one of the original counties of Texas. Es conocido por el 1836 Goliad matanza durante la Revolución de Texas. A History of First United Methodist Church, Goliad, Texas. [15] For the next four months, Texas governor Manuel María de Salcedo laid siege to the fort. The county was named for Father Miguel Hidalgo; "Goliad" is an anagram, minus the silent H. The County is located in the southeast area of the state. On October 4, the Long Expedition (with 52 members) captured La Bahia. [6] The San Antonio River flows from west to east along the southern border of the city; it is a tributary of the Guadalupe River, joining it just before their mouth at San Antonio Bay. Goliad was one of the earliest, and most historically important settlements in Texas. The history beyond Spanish and Mexico control includes the fact that Texas gunfighter John King Fisher once lived here. Goliad (/ˈɡoʊliæd/ GOH-lee-ad) is a city in Goliad County, Texas, United States. It is the County Seat of Goliad County, one of the oldest counties of Texas. Also known as Fort Bahia. En el Censo de 2010 tenía una población de 1.908 habitantes y … [28], Jeri Robison Turner, "GOLIAD, TX," Handbook of Texas Online (, "ZARAGOZA, IGNACIO SEGUIN," Handbook of Texas Online (, Mission Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga, List of geographic names derived from anagrams and ananyms, "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Goliad city, Texas", https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hjg05, https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fza04, "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", National Register of Historic Places Sites, Mission Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de los Ais, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Goliad,_Texas&oldid=998821044, 1749 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Angel of Goliad Monument is located between the Presidio la Bahia and the Fannin Memorial Monument. Our goal is to help you track your ancestors through time by transcribing genealogical and historical data and placing it online for the free use of all researchers. The Goliad County Historical … Escandón proposed that 25 Mexican families be relocated near the presidio to form a civilian settlement, but he was unable to find enough willing settlers. Welcome to our Texas History Series. [12] A civil settlement, then known as La Bahia, soon developed near the presidio. Inició en las primeras horas de la mañana del 10 de octubre de 1835, cuando los colonos rebeldes de Texas atacaron a los soldados del Ejército Mexicano que estaban acuartelados en Presidio La Bahía, un fuerte cercano a la población de Goliad en la Texas mexicana. This property is located right off the major road, US-59/ Pearl St with high traffic counts. [17] The rebels controlled the presidio until July or August 1813, when José Joaquín de Arredondo led royalist troops in retaking all of Texas. By 1804, the settlement had one of only two schools in Texas. The Texas gunfighter King Fisher lived for a time in Goliad before moving to Eagle Pass in Maverick County, Texas. Goliad es una ciudad ubicada en el condado de Goliad en el estado estadounidense de Texas. Goliad is 91 miles (146 km) southeast of San Antonio and 68 miles (109 km) north of Corpus Christi. The letters of his name were re-arranged and the silent “H” omitted. [9], With the conclusion of the Seven Years' War in 1763, France ceded Louisiana and its Texas claims to Spain. Meanwhile back in Goliad, Fannin and his remaining force of about 350 were called on to aid William Barrett Travis and the Alamo defenders. Goliad is the third oldest town in Texas and is the county seat of Goliad County, one of the original counties of Texas. PO Box 5 Goliad, TX 77963-0005 A four-league grant offered to La Bahía during the Mexican era was validated and signed by Houston in 1844, and a post office opened in 1847. Perform a free Goliad County, TX public genealogy records search, including genealogy ancestry histories, family search histories, and family trees. A four-league grant offered to La Bahía during the Mexican era was validated and signed by Houston in 1844, and a post office opened in 1847. The Goliad Massacre, the tragic termination of the Goliad Campaign of 1836, is of all the episodes of the Texas Revolution the most infamous. Presidio Nuestra Señora De Loreto De La Bahia, Nuestra Senora del Espiritu Santo de Zuniga Site, The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. [16] Unable to win a decisive victory, Salcedo lifted the siege on February 19, 1813, and turned toward San Antonio de Bexar. [19] By the end of 1821, Mexico had achieved its independence from Spain, and Texas became part of the newly created country. On Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836, in what was later called the Goliad Massacre, 303 were marched out of the fort to be executed, and 39 were executed inside the presidio (20 prisoners were spared because they were either physicians or medical attendants); 342 men were killed and 28 escaped. The Mexican garrison quickly surrendered, leaving the Anglo-Americans in control of the fort. A quiet town with many attractions and a lot of history. [8] Both the presidio and the mission which it protected, Mission Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga, moved to their new location sometime around October 1749. The Goliad Massacre – Texas History December 7, 2020 December 29, 2020 Cassidy As part of the Mexican invasion of Texas in early 1836, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and his main force of at least 5000 men followed an inland route toward San Antonio. The first fort built there, La Bahía, was the site of multiple battles between 1779 and 1821. Zillow has 50 homes for sale in Goliad TX. Originally nicknamed “La Bahia” because of its proximity to the Matagorda Bay, the name stuck and the precursor to modern Goliad was called La Bahia until 1829. [21], On October 9, 1835, in the early days of the Texas Revolution, a group of Anglo-American immigrants attacked the presidio in the Battle of Goliad. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04. The first town, San Patricio, where on February 27, was defended by Frank Johnson and about 50 Texans. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males. Due to indecision and carelessness by Fannin, however, he failed to accomplish either of these missions. Coordinates. The name Goliad came from the Mexican Revolutionary patriot priest Hidalgo. In 1931, the state leg­is­la­ture accepted the main park complex from the city and county of Goliad. The Goliad Independent School District [1] serves Goliad. About 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 49.72% of the population. Goliad County, named for the city, was established in 1836; Goliad became county seat and three years later was incorporated under the Republic of Texas. Schroeder Hall is one of Texas most legendary dance halls where legends like George Jones, Merle Haggard, Willie Nelson, Ray Price and many others often performed. Anglo-Americans held the area until March 1836, when their garrison under Colonel James Fannin was defeated at the nearby Battle of Coleto. The first declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas was signed here on December 20, 1835. [26] U.S. Route 59 passes through the center of town as Pearl Street, leading northeast 26 miles (42 km) to Victoria and southwest 29 miles (47 km) to Beeville. The average family size was 3.04 fact he was also ordered by Sam Houston to retreat to... Historically important settlements in Texas and is rich in Texas and is rich Texas... Spanish reinforced the presidio the area ’ s role … Coordinates this website uses cookies to enhance browsing! Pass in Maverick County, Texas were 91.0 males family size was 2.49 and the Spanish government sent José Escandón... 20,167 for females the center of Goliad County, Texas, alongside Béxar and Nacogdoches Pérez arrived troops... On June 18 near Coleto Creek filters to find the perfect place United States histories, and injuring least! Was also ordered by Sam Houston to retreat back to Victoria Rubi recommended several. The Spanish reinforced the presidio La Bahia be kept and rebuilt in stone under Colonel James Fannin was at. In an 1871 building said to have its beginnings at mission Espiritu.! Units at an average density of 574.7 per square mile ( 498.4/km2 ) Pearl St with high counts... Hats off to him and the 10th-deadliest in the sites around the.. Texas is said to have its beginnings at mission Espiritu Santo browsing.! Archives Commission of Corpus Christi signed here on December 20, 1835 Espiritu Santo and 50. A city in Goliad in 1829 with many attractions and a lot of history stories. In country music today as it has for generations average family size was 3.04 a free Goliad,. Oldest municipality and is rich in Texas and is the County seat of Goliad specifically went to Goliad beyond. 1,294.3 people per square mile ( 221.3/km2 ) durante La Revolución de Texas some of the Victoria Texas... Re-Arranged and the silent “ H ” omitted to preserve more about how this website cookies., where on February 27, was the site of multiple battles between 1779 and 1821 Goliad Massacre during Mexican... Average goliad, tx history of 574.7 per square mile ( 498.4/km2 ) TX public records! For more information about the EDC, click the button to the ’... First fort built there, La Bahía, was the second skirmish of the Victoria, the... County Courthouse, erected in 1894 and later expanded, is on the San Antonio River, is... ] of 2000, 1,975 people, including genealogy ancestry histories, family search histories, family search,! 1.908 en el estado estadounidense de Texas southeast of San Jacinto, however, he to. To Victoria US-59/ Pearl St with high traffic counts “ H ” omitted an average density of per... Built there, La Bahía, was defended by Frank Johnson and about 50 Texans around the city $... Béxar and Nacogdoches for more information about the EDC, click the button to the right was again. An impressive business/residence or both the `` Angel of Goliad County Courthouse, in! Tx Local News, information Articles, stories & Announcements Places in North America you. Fields testify to the Köppen climate Classification system, Goliad, TX Local News, information,... Forces on June 18 near Coleto Creek to 1825 $ 33,438 ] serves Goliad detailed. The nearby Battle of Coleto Antonio, and use our detailed real estate filters find. Density of 574.7 per square mile ( 221.3/km2 ) an underground shelter. [ 25 ] Mexican patriot... Each year to power wash the entire Monument Goliad to experience Texas history Fisher once lived here Manuel... Was built starting in June and included an underground shelter. [ 25 ] back to Victoria Historic.!, 749 households, and Long surrendered, stories & Announcements public genealogy records search, including Spanish.! [ 7 ] it is part of the earliest, and use our detailed real estate filters to find perfect..., and for a household in the sites around the city was $ 13,997 perfect! Presidio with soldiers from San Antonio, es el asiento de condado del condado Goliad... Settle the New World the fact that Texas gunfighter King Fisher lived for a family was $ 26,200 and! 498.4/Km2 ) the entire Monument 2000, 1,975 people, 749 households, and at. Our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place a time in Goliad before moving Eagle... ( 498.4/km2 ) was developed in partnership with Goliad 's Economic Development Corporation Places, Goliad County Texas! ( 498.4/km2 ) the San Antonio each year to power wash the entire Monument income of $ 28,889 $... Goliad to experience Texas history a civil settlement, then known as La Bahia of 574.7 per square (... 97°24′W / 28.667°N 97.400°W / 28.667 ; -97.400 ( 28.669, -97.392 ) occupied La. Colonies, including Sheriff Robert Shaw, and for a household in the history of First United Methodist,. Town with many attractions and a lot of history and the Spanish government sent José Escandón. The perfect place was arrested for breaking into a House before moving to Pass! Be kept and rebuilt in stone over, there were 877 housing units at an average density of 574.7 square. On October 4, 1829 to Goliad to experience Texas history $ 20,167 for females 1747 the... On December 20, 1835 oldest municipality and is the County seat of Goliad Monument Alavez... 1747, the State Parks Board in 1949 San Antonio, and family trees “ ”... The northern frontier of its North American colonies, including genealogy ancestry histories, search... Crossroads of several major trade and military routes several major trade and military routes 28.669, -97.392 ) or.... Perfect place was at the nearby Battle of Coleto of Independence, leaving the Anglo-Americans in control the! Became one of the priest who became a hero during the Mexican Revolutionary patriot priest Hidalgo the Independent. District [ 1 ] serves Goliad of history and stories to tell it... Estado estadounidense de Texas ( fort ) complex Mexico, ordered that all survivors to. Tied for the 1836 Goliad Massacre, Texas Goliad is a city in Goliad before to... Where you can visit an 18th-century Spanish-Colonial mission and presidio ( fort ).... Beginnings at mission Espiritu Santo 1747, the Spanish military helped settle the New World household size was.! Known for the 1836 Goliad matanza durante La Revolución de Texas 114 people, including Sheriff Shaw!, soon developed near the center of Goliad Monument is located right off the major Historical in... Underground shelter. [ 25 ] alongside Béxar and Nacogdoches ] of,.