According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. Due to its proximity to Nazareth, one historian believes that it is the Bethlehem where Jesus of Nazareth was born. The … Bethlehem of Judea is a city of 25,000 today. Bethlehem of Judea "Bethlehem of Judea" [so the Greek text of Matthew 2:1, erroneously corrected by St. Jerome to Bethlehem of Juda, thinking that the Evangelist had in his original text conformed to the Old Testament usage (Judges 17:7, 19:1; 1 Samuel 17:12)], is much more celebrated than its northern namesake as the birthplace of David, and above all, of Our Lord. The Church of the Nativity is thus one of the oldest Christian churches extant. The church was later divided between the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Armenian Orthodox faiths. The whole area is quite hilly. January 1, 2016 ~ aforenceeastsidecatholicorg. An ancient settlement, it is possibly mentioned in the Amarna Letters (14th-century-bce diplomatic documents found at Tell el-Amarna, Egypt), but the reading there is uncertain. vovan | Shutterstock. Pope Tawadros II Defends Western Coptic Orthodox Church; Metropolitan Bishop Serapion 2021 Festal Letter For The Glorious Feast of Nativity; H.G. John Burger-published on 12/15/20. The site of the Nativity of Jesus was identified by St. Justin Martyr, a 2nd-century Christian apologist, as a manger in “a cave close to the village”; the cave, now under the nave of the Church of the Nativity in the heart of the town, has been continuously venerated by Christians since then. Retrouvez Title: Legends of Judea and Samaria Bethlehem Hebron Jeri et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. A large proportion of the town’s population is Christian. Bethlehem of Judah is on the ridge of the Judean Hills and near the desert, thus a place of emptiness, of humility. Present-Day Bethlehem . During the time of Jesus the village of Bethlehem was located in the hill country of Judea around 5 miles south of Jerusalem. Tradition still points out the well. Bethlehem-judah (3 Occurrences) Ruth 1:1 And it came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. Bishop Mina 2021 Canadian Pastoral Letter For The Glorious Feast of Nativity also known as: Bethlehemjudah, Bethlehem of Juda, Bethlehem of Judea, Bethlehem-Ephratah, Ephratah, Ephrath, City of David Situated in the hill country, it was originally called Ephratah/Ephrath , meaning “fruitful” ( Genesis 35:16 , 19 ; 48:7 ; Ruth 4:11 ), and its citizens were called Ephrathites . St. Helena (c. 248–c. Bethlehem is first mentioned in the Bible in connection with Rachel, who died on the wayside near there (Genesis 35:19). Aviram Oshri is right that, in Luke’s Gospel, it made no sense for Joseph to take the heavily pregnant Mary all the way from Nazareth in Galilee to Bethlehem in Judea, especially as the Romans would never have counted a woman. Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, 2 “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? It occupies an outstanding position upon a spur running E. from the watershed with deep valleys to the N.E. Bethlehem of Judea, the Birthplace of Jesus-West from Church of Nativity, Palestine Public Domain. Christian theology has linked this with the belief that his birth there fulfills the Old Testament prophecy of Israel’s future ruler coming from Bethlehem Ephrathah (Micah 5:2). In 1995 Israel ceded control of Bethlehem to the newly established Palestinian Authority in preparation for a two-state solution. “Bethlehem” in Hebrew means the “house” ( bet) of “bread” ( lehem ). It was quite an experience going to Bethlehem. The town of Bethlehem of Judea, about six miles south of Jerusalem, has always been considered the birthplace of Jesus. Bethlehem Judah, or EPHRATH or EPHRATHAH (which see) is now Beit Lahm (Arabic = “house of meat”), a town of upward of 10,000 inhabitants, 5 miles S. of Jerusalem and 2,350 ft. above sea level. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. After the Six-Day War of 1967, it was part of the Israeli-occupied territory of the West Bank. For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Ancient period. Bethlehem Judah, or EPHRATH or EPHRATHAH (which see) is now Beit Lahm (Arabic = “house of meat”), a town of upward of 10,000 inhabitants, 5 miles S. of Jerusalem and 2,350 ft. above sea level. The surrounding country is fertile, cornfields, fig and olive yards and vineyards abound. The New Testament identifies Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus. They are under the Palestinian Authority. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In Bethlehem of Judea Deconstructing the myth of a Palestinian Jesus. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Bethlehem is a collection of very fertile villages that grows almonds and, more importantly, olives for oil. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bethlehem, meaning "house of bread," was also the renowned City of David. But we certainly don’t miss the commercialization of the holidays. But we certainly don’t miss the commercialization of the holidays. The winter months in Bethlehem are from November to March and although it does get cold the Bethlehem winter weather is still warm compared to European winters. It is first mentioned in the Armana letters fourteen centuries BCE. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Judea was part of the Hill Country though it contained four other regions, The coastal plain, the Shephelah (lowlands near the coast), the Negev (southland), and the wilderness. Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star's appearance. Bethlehem became part of Jund Filastin following the Muslim conquest in 637. Constantine (circa 330) founded a basilica over the cave-stable which tradition pointed out as the scene of the birth, and his church, unchanged in general structure though enlarged by Justinian and frequently adorned, repaired and damaged, remains today the chief attraction of the town. in . To Bethlehem came Samuel to anoint a successor to unworthy Saul (1 Sa 16:4): “David went to and fro from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem” (1 Sa 17:15). Matthew 2:1 - Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. Download. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Bethlehem, Jewish Virtual Library - Bethlehem, West Bank, Bethlehem - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Bethlehem - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Achetez neuf ou d'occasion The town was fortified by Rehoboam, David’s grandson and the first king of Judah after the division of the state between Israel and Judah (II Chronicles 11). The position is one of natural strength; it was occupied by a garrison of the Philistines in the days of David (2 Sa 23:14; 1 Ch 11:16) and was fortified by Rehoboam (2 Ch 11:6). Inasmuch as Hadrian devastated Bethlehem and set up there a sacred grove to Adonis (Jerome, Ep. And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene. The town forms a conurbation with adjoining Bayt Jālā, to the northwest, and Bayt Sāḥūr, to the southeast. The Bible tells us that Bethlehem Ephratah was the birthplace of King David (1 Samuel 16:1-18). It was founded around the XVII-XVI centuries BC in the land of Canaan. media ; Most Christians who have answered the call to live and serve in Israel sorely miss our families back home during the Christmas season. Galilee is an open region, open to the nations, less arid, with vegetation, water…. Several initiatives were undertaken in the early 21st century to encourage local economic development through renewed tourism by Western pilgrims. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. It is the setting for most of the Book of Ruth and was the presumed birthplace, and certainly the home, of Ruth’s descendant King David; there he was anointed king of Israel by the prophet Samuel (I Samuel 16). Physicist: 'Star of Bethlehem' may have been planetary alignment. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Bethlehem is sacred to all three religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. David himself “was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem-judah, whose name was Jesse” (1 Sa 17:12). Aviram Oshri, a senior archaeologist with the Israeli Antiquities Authority, supports this claim, but other researchers at the same institution reject it. In the NT Bethlehem is mentioned as the birthplace of the Messiah Jesus (Mt 2:1,5; Lk 2:4,25) in consequence of which event occurred Herod’s “massacre of the innocents” (Mt 2:8,26). Bethlehem of Judea. Muslim rule continued in Bethlehem until its conquest in 1099 by a crusading army, … Two thousand years ago, it was a small town of a few hundred to perhaps one thousand residents. Bethlehem (House of Bread - House of Lahmu) is located about 10 Kilometers (6 miles) southwest of Jerusalem by the hill country of Judea on the way to Hebron. According to the Gospels (Matthew 2; Luke 2), Bethlehem was the site of the Nativity of Jesus Christ. And a certain man of Bethlehem-judahwent to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. According to the New Testament, Joseph and Mary were living in … Bethlehem is within the boundaries of Palestine. Pop. Bethlehem, Arabic Bayt Laḥm (“House of Meat”), Hebrew Bet Leḥem (“House of Bread”), town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. From this town came those famous “sons of Zeruiah,” David’s nephews, whose loyalty and whose ruthless cruelty became at once a protection and a menace to their royal relative: in 2 Sa 2:32 it is mentioned that one of them, Asahel, was buried “in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem.” “Bethlehem,” ISBE, n.p. David’s “three mighty men” “brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Beth-lehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David” (2 Sa 23:14,16). Today, approximately 60,000 people live in and around the broader Bethlehem area. Ruth, famous chiefly as the ancestress of David, and of the Messiah, settled in Bethlehem with her second husband Boaz, and it is noticeable that from her new home she could view the mountains of Moab, her native land. It was referred to by the angel as the City of David where Christ (the Messiah) was born as predicted by the prophet Micah in the 8th century BC. Noté /5. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Manger Square and the Church of the Nativity during the traditional Christmas procession in Bethlehem, West Bank. Expand Favorite. Greek Orthodox priests, Palestinian Pres. Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. and S. “Bethlehem,” ISBE, n.p. Bethlehem of Judaea, as today’s Scripture teaches, is “little among the thousands of Judah” (a little-known village). The poem "Bethlehem of Judea" recited by the Gingerbread Man. Is small jewish village of ancient Judea comes to be the most important christian site in the Palestinians Territory today controlled by Arabs, Qasr el Yahud, the Baptism Site in Jordan River, Mount Moriah or the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, The Western Wall or Wailing Wall in Jerusalem. The hill country was a rough stony land with deep ravines rising 2500 feet to the open … Bethlehem is one of the most ancient cities on Earth. Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared. In Bethlehem of Judea Deconstructing the myth of a Palestinian Jesus Most Christians who have answered the call to live and serve in Israel sorely miss our families back home during the Christmas season. ... King Herod, who was the ruler in Judea, plotted to kill the baby-king by ordering the slaughter of all male children two years old and younger in Bethlehem and surrounding areas (Matthew 2:16–18). Bethlehem is an agricultural market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby Jerusalem. During the Crusades, Bethlehem became of great importance and prosperity; it remained in Christian hands after the overthrow of the Latin kingdom, and at the present day it is in material things one of the most prosperous Christian centers in the Holy Land. The town has been a monastic centre for centuries; St. Jerome built a monastery there and, with the aid of Palestinian rabbis, translated the Old Testament into Latin from the original Hebrew (5th century ce). Bethlehem of Judah was a small Jewish village in the first century where Jesus, the Messiah born and today is one of most important city in the Palestinian Territory. Bethlehem, Arabic Bayt Laḥm (“House of Meat”), Hebrew Bet Leḥem (“House of Bread”), town in the West Bank, situated in the Judaean Hills 5 miles (8 km) south of Jerusalem. Mahmoud Abbas, and worshippers gathered for mass at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, West Bank. Bethlehem and its suburbs have many churches, convents, schools, and hospitals supported by Christian denominations the world over. The modern moshav is located at the site of the ancient Israelite settlement known as Bethlehem of Zebulun or Berlehem Zoria. And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also. The manufacture of religious articles, chiefly of mother-of-pearl, is a traditional industry, as is the carving of olive wood. In the Bible the city is often referred to as Bethlehem Ephrathah, or Bethlehem-Judah. Updates? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Why was the town where Jesus will be born named “Bethlehem”? (2017) town, 28,248; Bethlehem, Bayt Jālā, and Bayt Sāḥūr conurbation, 54,728. 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