You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. These findings indicate that determination for inflorescence development in P. sativum is a stable developmental state, separable from determination for flower development, and occurring prior to initiation of the inflorescence at the level of meristems. Nature 215, 319–320, Reid, J.B., Murfet, I.C. Thus cells within the meristem were determined for inflorescence development. (1984) Competence, determination and induction in plant development. Trifolium repens in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Subscription will auto renew annually. et al. Biol. Inflorescence Detail Closeup - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Am. (1990) Floral determination in the terminal bud of the short-day plant Pharbitis nil. Select the mismatch pair. Scientific name TYPE OF INFLORESCENCE Gladiolus sp. Author information: (1)Department of Biology, Carleton College, 55057, Northfield, MN, USA. Dev. Humans have likely been eating peas for approximately 9,500 years, and cultivating them for 8,500 years (Elzebroek and Wind, 2008). (a) In Pisum sativum leaflets modified into tendrils (b) In Atalantia terminal bud is modified into thorns (c) In Nepenthes midrib is modified into lid (d) In Smilax inflorescence axis is modified into tendrils Answer: (b) In Pisum sativum leaflets modified into tendrils. American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Md. -, Planta. J. Exp. So far, a large amount of data has been accumulated on the regulatory mechanisms of the inflorescence architecture in model plant species such as arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), rice (Oryza sativa), maize (Zea mays), and pea (Pisum sativum) . 77, 1330–1335, Smith, S.E.M. Both crop improvement and developmental researches The common garden pea, Pisum sativum var. (1984) Shoot tip culture of Helianthus annuus — flowering and development of adventitious and multiple shoots. Vishakha Sharma, Bhumi Nath Tripathi, Sushil Kumar, Organ-wise homologies of stipule, leaf and inflorescence between Pisum sativum genetic variants, Delonix regia and Caesalpinia bonduc indicate parallel evolution of morphogenetic regulation, Plant Systematics and Evolution, 10.1007/s00606-012-0612-x, 298, 6, (1167-1175), (2012). In addition, meristems excised without leaf primordia from axillary buds three nodes above the cotyledons of age-3 plants gave rise to adventitious buds with an NFI of 8.3 ±0.3 nodes. Planta. Determination for inflorescence development is a stable state, separable from determination for flower development in Pisum sativum L. buds. Rice is an ideal genetic model to study the inflorescence development of grasses. Solution for Scientific name Type of Inflorescence Gladiolus sp. Epub 2006 Oct 5. 92, 615–621, Habermann, H.M., Sekulow, D.B. Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. BMC Plant Biol. -, Cell. NLM Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Am. Thus cells within the meristem were determined for inflorescence development. Planta 185, 513–517, Gould, K.S., Chambers, S.R.P. J. Bot. Epub 2005 Aug 30. (1991) Floral determination and in-vitro floral differentiation in isolated shoot apices of Lolium temulentum L. Planta 185, 9–16, Miginiac, E. (1978) Some aspects of regulation of flowering: role of correlative factors in photoperiodic plants. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Tooke F, Ordidge M, Chiurugwi T, Battey N. J Exp Bot. Noteworthy Characteristics. Botanical description of Pisum sativum (Pea Plant). -, Planta. Ann Bot. Pisum sativum L. var. 51–57, Lord, E., Bernier, G., eds. 8, British Plant Growth Regulator Group, Wantage, UK, Department of Biology, Carleton College, 55057, Northfield, MN, USA, Carolyn J. Ferguson, Sarah C. Huber, Pauline H. Hong & Susan R. Singer, You can also search for this author in In: Plant reproduction: from floral induction to pollination, pp. Soc. (1986) Floral determination in the terminal and axillary buds of Nicotiana tabacum L. Dev. PubMed Google Scholar. Hort. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted to identify loci associated with agronomic (days to flowering, days to maturity, plant height, seed yield and seed weight), seed morphology (shape and dimpling), and seed quality (protein, starch, and fiber concentrations) traits of field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Macmillan, New York. PISAM: Pisum sativum L. var. (1968) Experimental separation of inflorescence development from initiation in Bougainvillea. 112, 377–382, Devlin, R.M., Witham, F.H. Dev. Hosackia stipularis (Stipulate Lotus) Determination for inflorescence development is a stable state, separable from determination for flower development in Pisum sativum L. buds. The first node of floral initiation (NFI) for bud expiants developing in culture and for adventitious shoots forming on cultured meristems was compared with the NFI of intact control buds. Bot. (1985) Floral determination in axillary buds of Nicotiana silvestris. (1972) Development and aging in Helianthus annuus L. Effects of the biological milieu of the apical meristem on patterns of development. Teeri TH, Uimari A, Kotilainen M, Laitinen R, Help H, Elomaa P, Albert VA. J Exp Bot. In contrast seed-derived plants had an NFI of 16.5 ±0.2. macrocarpon Ser. Kashubian vetch – Kashubia. J. Bot. (1989) Flowering genes in Pisum. Pisum sativum L., Sp. 2006;57(13):3445-55. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erl181. In: Pattern formation: a primer in developmental biology, pp. 70, 121–127, Hackett, W.P., Sachs, R.M. (1957) Leaching of a flower inhibitor from late varieties of peas. Tokyo, Spec. Thus, the axillary meristems contributing to the inflorescence had not formed at the time the bud was explanted. J. Bot. PubMed  (1970) In vitro studies of floral shoot apices of Pharbitis nil. Publishers, Boston, Gebhardt, J.S., McDaniel, C.N. : 727 (1753) Accepted by. barren inflorescence2 regulates axillary meristem development in the maize inflorescence. PRIMORDIA IN FLOWERS OF PISUM SATIVUM (LEGUMINOSAE: PAPILIONOIDEAE)1 SHIRLEY C. TUCKER Department of Botany, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 ABSTRACT The floral ontogeny of Pisum sativum shows a vertical order of succession of sepals, petals plus carpel, antesepalous stamens, and antepetalous stamens. In contrast seed-derived plants had an NFI of 16.5 ±0.2. SPECIFICATION OF MERISTEM IDENTITY IN PISUM SATIVUM INFLORESCENCE DEVELOPMENT Susan R. Singer, Sonja L. Maki and Heidi J. Mullen Department of Biology, Carieton College, Northfield, MN 55057, U.S.A. Introduction The diversity of inflorescence patterns encountered among angiosperms can be at-tributed to modifications of a few basic plans (25). 393–412, Malacinski, G.M., ed. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. 1991 Aug;185(1):9-16 M.S. COCHLEATA controls leaf size and secondary inflorescence architecture via negative regulation of UNIFOLIATA (LEAFY ortholog) gene in garden pea Pisum sativum Ferguson, C.J., Huber, S.C., Hong, P.H. These findings indicate that determination for inflorescence development in P. sativum is a stable developmental state, separable from determination for flower development, and occurring prior to initiation of the inflorescence at the level of meristems. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems.  |  Zornia gibbosa. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Am. Clivia miniata Foeniculum vulgare Tithonia diversifolia Phaseolus vulgaris Pisum… (1988). In: Plant growth substances 1973, pp. - 37.187.158.127. By age 3, all terminal buds were determined for inflorescence development. McDaniel, C.N., King, R.W., Evans, L.T. 967–973, Hirakawa Publ., Tokyo, McDaniel, C.N. Nature 180, 200–201, CAS  Singer 1991 Determination for inflorescence development is a stable state, separable from determination for flower development in Pisum sativum buds. Planta Flower and inflorescence development (determination, inhibition). Analysis of the transcriptional responses in inflorescence buds of Jatropha curcas exposed to cytokinin treatment. 71, 925–931, Paton, D.M. Bot. This trait is of both agricultural and evolutionary interest. -. Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Md. Ferguson CJ(1), Huber SC, Hong PH, Singer SR. Pisum sativum L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 2005 Oct;56(420):2587-99. doi: 10.1093/jxb/eri254. Garden pea (Pisum sativum) is a widely cultivated plant, and hundreds of forms have been developed. We thank Drs. Inflorescence architecture has also a strong impact on the production of fruits and seeds, and on crop management, two highly relevant agronomical traits. Planta 185, 518–522 (1991). Stem: Erect and climbing, one to three feet high, young stem densely pubescent, somewhat angular, herbaceous, green and branched.. Leaves: Alternate, petiolate, … Wisconsin 38. The architecture of the inflorescence, the shoot system that bears the flowers, is a main component of the huge diversity of forms found in flowering plants. (1990) Leaf process and meristem determination in Nicotiana. In: Plant reproduction: from floral induction to pollination, pp. Planta 175, 9–12, Larkin, J.C., Felsheim, R., Das, A. Summary: Our paper provides new data on genetic control of flower number per axillary inflorescence in garden pea (Pisum sativumL.). volume 185, pages518–522(1991)Cite this article. In: Growth regulators in plant senescence, pp. 118, 587–592, Singer, S.R., Hsiung, L.P., Huber, S.C. (1990) Determinate (det) mutant of Pisum sativum (Leguminosae: papilionoideae) exhibits an indeterminate growth pattern. In the wild-type P. sativum stipules are simple foliaceous and flowers are non-bracteolated. Mechanisms and function of flower and inflorescence reversion. 1972 Dec;36(4):339-49 Bot. Garden Pea (Pisum sativum). This work was supported by U.S. Department of Agriculture grants 87-CRCR-1-2554 and 90-37261-5516 to S.R.S; C.J.F was supported by a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Undergraduate Biological Sciences Education Initiative Grant (71108-502901) and National Science Foundation grant DIR 90-00810.  |  Determination occurred at least eight nodes before the first axillary flower was initiated. Inflorescence of Lupinus arboreus (Yellow bush lupin) Pisum sativum (Peas); note the leaf-like stipules Smithia conferta. Abstract. Biol. Sussmilch FC, Berbel A, Hecht V, Vander Schoor JK, Ferrándiz C, Madueño F, Weller JL. When terminal buds having eight leaf primordia were excised from plants of different ages (i.e., number of unfolded leaves) and cultured on 6-benzylaminopurine and kinetin-supplemented medium, the NFI was a function of the age of the source plant. (1980) Influence of leaves and roots on meristem development in Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. 1753.. Herbáceas anuales, trepadoras, muy variables en forma y hábito, glabras. Similar results were obtained for cultured axillary buds. (1989) Floral initiation as a developmental process. Would you like email updates of new search results? Issue 1, 159–173. Such a model, when compared with those created forAntirrhinum majus andArabidopsis thaliana, both of which have simple racemes, should provide insight into the evolution … Part of Springer Nature. Determination for inflorescence development was assessed by culturing excised buds and meristems. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. Monogr. Similar results were obtained for cultured axillary buds. USA.gov. Terminal meristems of Pisum sativum (garden pea) transit from vegetative to inflorescence development, and begin producing floral axillary meristems. Biol. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Habit: Cultivated herb, becoming shrubby.. Root: Branched tap root system, nodulated due to the presence of nitrogen fixing bacteria (Rhizobium leguminosorum).. In addition, meristems excised without leaf primordia from axillary buds three nodes above the cotyledons of age-3 plants gave rise to adventitious buds with an NFI of 8.3 ±0.3 nodes. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00202961, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Pisum sativum (peas) are hardy annual plants native to Eurasia that have been grown since 7,000 B.C. 5–25, Jackson, M.B., Grout, B., Mackenzie, I.A., eds. 24, 969–981, Singer, S.R., McDaniel, C.N. Mag. Werier, D. (2017). Freemann, W.H., San Francisco, Sprent, J.I., Barber, H.N. NIH (1983) Plant Physiology, 4th edn., P.W.S. Thus, the axillary meristems contributing to the inflorescence had not formed at the time the bud was explanted. 727. Winter bud content according to position in 3-year-old branching systems of 'Granny Smith' apple. Cell 63, 1311–1322, Dennin, K.A., McDaniel, C.N. Planta 148, 462–467, McDaniel, C.N. Paterson, K.E. In addition, the increasing availability of genetic and genomic tools for legumes is allowing to rapidly extending this knowledge to other grain legume crops. We are characterizing a suiteof Pisum sativum mutants that alter inflorescence architecture to construct a model for the genetic regulation of inflorescence development in a plant with a compound raceme. organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite; fruit: borer: larva: doubtful: Apionidae: Eutrichapion ervi: fruit: borer: Chrysomelidae: Bruchus pisorum: fruit The first node of floral initiation (NFI) for bud expiants developing in culture and for adventitious shoots forming on cultured meristems … Been reported in scattered locations across North America, including new England inflorescence sp! Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N.Y., USA, Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. ( 1981 Biometry. 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